Hearing loss is a condition in which a person's hearing is so impaired that he or she cannot hear what is being said or the sounds around him or her. However, there is a symptom sometimes seen in children that they cannot hear well even if their hearing is normal.
This symptom is called LiD (Listening difficulty). It is difficult for people around them to understand what the other person is saying even though their hearing is normal, and it is still not well known in Japan. If even parents do not know about this LiD, they may not even feel any discomfort. I will introduce LiD in detail, so if you think you may have it, please visit a hospital and have a look.
Outline of LiD (listening difficulties)
LiD stands for listening difficulties. It is a symptom in which the patient can hear sounds normally without being detected by a hearing test, but when the environment is noisy, the patient immediately loses the ability to understand what the other person is saying. LiD is often used mainly for children, and is sometimes referred to as APD (auditory processing disorder), which is exactly the same symptom. Overseas, LiD is often included in the broad sense of hearing loss, but in Japan it is not yet well known. Please refer to "APD (Auditory Processing Disorder) Symptoms of not being able to understand what is being said even though you can hear it" for more information about APD. LiD is a symptom that children with developmental disabilities may also have and can be seen even without problems in the auditory system.
Symptoms of LiD
It may be difficult to understand the symptom of hearing sounds but not understanding what they are saying. A simple way to explain the symptoms is to think of it as if someone were speaking to you in a foreign language that you do not understand. It could be Chinese, Vietnamese, or Bengali, but, well, anyway, I was spoken to in an unknown language. Of course you can hear what they are saying. Then why can't you understand what they are saying? It is OK to think of it as the same as being told, "Then why don't you understand what they are saying? What do you think? I think you can understand the symptom that you can hear the sound but cannot understand what is being said. This is just a rough example.
Causes of LiD
The main causes of LiD are developmental and concentration disorders. The symptom of LiD is that the person hears sounds but is unable to recognize them as words. Understanding a conversation requires various abilities, such as knowing the meaning of the words in the first place and the need to concentrate to hear what the other person is saying. The symptoms of LiD are manifested when a person is unable to concentrate and misses what the other person is saying. Please refer to the following information on developmental disorders and concentration as causes of APD.
- Vulnerable to information from the ear APD due to developmental disabilities
- Cannot concentrate on what the other person is saying About APD due to cognitive bias
LiD in children is difficult to recognize
Unfortunately, LiD is a very difficult condition to recognize. In children, lack of concentration or doing things differently than instructed is often considered childish and is often neglected. Therefore, it is good to understand the symptoms of LiD/APD and to be able to sense the discomfort. APD is almost always noticed as an adult when I start working myself into adulthood. You notice it when you become a member of society and experience inconveniences such as not being able to listen to your boss's instructions or making the same mistakes over and over again. Therefore, I hope you will deepen your understanding of LiD/APD because you can take countermeasures if you can recognize it at a young age. Please refer to "APD in children is hard to recognize Early detection affects language development" for more information on why APD in children is difficult to recognize.
Measures to deal with LiD
The measures to deal with LiD are basically the same as those for APD. Create an environment that is conducive to listening. The most important thing to do is to train them to listen. Please refer to "What can people around you do to create an environment for APD?" for information on creating an environment and "Effective for APD! If you don’t use it, your ability will deteriorate How to Train Yourself to Listen" for information on listening training.